Posts Tagged: Cats

Bites and Stings: Insects of Summer

So now that the weather is getting a lot nicer, you want to go outside more, take long walks with your four-legged family members, and have all the outdoor barbecues you can have, right? But what are you going to do about all those pesky insects that try to suck, bite, and sting all the fun out of summer nights? Not only are they a nuisance for you, but they can be just as annoying, and potentially deadly for our pets, too! Read on to learn about some of the various harmful insects, and what you can to combat them and the diseases they can transfer.

 

Mosquitoes: Passing on Deadly Worms

Mosquito bites are no fun for us, but are even worse for our pets Screen Shot 2016-05-14 at 1.25.53 PMbecause of something called heartworms. Heartworms are spread through mosquitoes that carry infective larvae, and are a potentially fatal issue for dogs and cats. The heartworm larvae move from the site of the mosquito bite through a host’s body until they reach the heart and lungs. Once they are mature, adult heartworms can get to be 12 inches long, and will cause a significant decrease in blood flow throughout the body. Depending on the severity of the disease, it can possibly lead to death if not taken care of early on.

Heartworm preventatives such as Heartgard, Revolution, and Sentinel are very instrumental in helping before any bite occurs, but getting a heartworm test and treatment at your local AAHA Accredited Veterinary Hospital will absolutely help if your dog or cat already has heartworms. Signs of heartworm disease can include: mild persistent cough, reluctance to exercise, fatigue after moderate activity, decreased appetite, and weight loss.” These symptoms won’t necessarily show early on in dogs, and in cats they can be very subtle, or very sudden.

Fleas & Ticks: All it Takes is One Bite

Screen Shot 2016-05-14 at 1.25.04 PMFleas: These tiny brown bugs like to hide in cooler, shady areas like shrubs, trees, and under leaves. Despite not having wings, fleas can jump up to two feet high; so when your dog walks by, that’s when they will hop on, latch in, and start feeding on blood. The danger of fleas is that they can bring about tapeworms, skin infections, and other serious diseases. Combating fleas is as easy as using monthly preventatives such as Frontline or Nexgard, avoiding tall grassy/shady areas when walking, using a flea comb, and washing your pet’s bedding often.

Ticks: Ticks also like to hang out Screen Shot 2016-05-14 at 1.25.16 PMin shady, wooded areas, waiting for an unwary host to attach to. Once they are attached, ticks feed on blood (including you), which means they can directly transmit deadly diseases such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lyme disease, and babesiosis from just one bite! You can help deter tick bites by also using monthly preventatives, avoiding tall grassy/shady areas when walking, and whenever you are done with your walk make sure to check your dog (and yourself) for any little bumps because it might be a tick!

Bees & Wasps: More than a Sting!

Bee and wasps are a bit easier to avoid because they usually have visible nests and in general they’re the most noticeable bug. If you’ve got a curious pet then you should keep an eye out. Most stings tend to occur on the face or nose because that’s how our pets investigate. They may even get stung in the mouth or throat if they end up catching the bug; and those stings can be dangerous because the poison from the sting can    cScreen Shot 2016-05-14 at 1.24.47 PMause the throat to swell. Other severe reactions to look out for include weakness, difficulty breathing and excessive swelling at the sting site. If you see any of these signs you need to go to your veterinarian ASAP. Most of these severe reactions occur with multiple stings, but always give your veterinarian a call and make sure to monitor the reaction to make sure it does not worsen. All cases will be different, so always consult your veterinarian before administering any medication or remedy, such as a weak water/baking soda mixture or an ice pack.

Tips to Decrease Insect Exposure

  • Ask your veterinarian about monthly Flea/Tick preventatives like oral doses, liquid, and collars.

  • Close screened windows/doors when inside so flying bugs don’t come inside.

  • Use bug repellent on yourself, and only pet-safe repellent on your furry friends.

Cited Sources:

American Heartworm Society
ASPCA: Fleas and Ticks
Hill’s Pet

Contributed by:
Screen Shot 2016-05-14 at 1.47.26 PMTeresa Mundy
Boarding Team Member
Social Media Coordinator

Common Diseases You Can Catch From Your Pet

Candid portrait of a natural woman with tattoos and her german shepard mixed dogOur furry friends bring us lots of joy; we cuddle with them and treat them like family. They respond by licking our hands and face and showering us with unconditional love and attention. Close contact with our furry bundles of joy can also unknowingly cause microorganisms to be passed along to us, which can cause zoonotic diseases. A zoonotic disease is a disease that can be passed between animals and humans. Read on to learn about some of these common zoonotic maladies, and how to safeguard your pet and family from them.

Leptospirosis (Lepto)

Leptospirosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. It can lead to potentially fatal infections of the kidney, liver, brain, lung or heart. Dogs are most often affected by Lepto. They commonly become infected and develop leptospirosis from exposure to, or drinking from rivers, lakes, or streams.

Humans commonly develop leptospirosis through exposure to the urine or bodily fluids of an infected dog. It’s important that you see your veterinarian so they can recommend vaccines that can effectively protect your dog against many strains of this disease.

Click here for more information on Leptospirosis.

Hookworms & Roundworms

Hookworms can be acquired in puppies and kittens from their mother’s milk. They can then be transmitted to humans from your pet’s feces, or from contaminated soil when walking barefoot. Hookworms live in the small intestine and can cause gastrointestinal symptoms and blood loss leading to anemia.

Roundworms are typically acquired by your pet when they eat the infected feces of another animal. They most commonly become transmitted to humans through the ingestion of roundworm eggs from contaminated soil in your garden or backyard.

It’s very important that puppies and kittens be de-wormed as they commonly carry hookworms and/or roundworms. If you suspect your pet has been exposed, you should drop off a stool sample at your local veterinarian for analysis.

Click here for more information on Hookworms.
Click here for more information on Roundworms.

Lyme DiseaseLyme Disease

Lyme disease is caused by a bacterium that is transmitted to humans and pets through the bite of infected blacklegged ticks. Blacklegged ticks are also known by the name Ixodes Scapularis, and the common name: Deer ticks. Acute Lyme disease causes fever and lethargy. While Lyme disease cannot be spread directly to you from your pet, they can bring infected ticks into your home or yard.  Protect yourself and your pet by asking your veterinarian about tick control products for your pets.

Click here for more information on Preventing Ticks on your Pet.

Giardia

Giardia is a microscopic parasite that can live in the intestines of animals and humans. It is often transmitted through contaminated water and is one of the most common waterborne diseases in the United States. Common signs and symptoms in both dogs and humans include diarrhea, gas, abdominal discomfort, nausea, and vomiting.

Puppies and kittens have a higher risk of illness from Giardia so it is important to not allow them to drink water from areas where other animals may have left their feces. Your veterinarian can test your pet’s feces to see if giardia is present and prescribe a safe, effective treatment for control of the disease.

Click here for more information on Giardia.

Safeguarding Measures You Can Take

Contracting a pet-borne disease requires very close contact with your pet or their excretions, so zoonotic diseases can be avoided with these common sense approaches:

  • Annual Exams! Make sure your pet gets an annual preventative exam by a licensed veterinarian, including a parasite screening test, and is current on all vaccinations.
  • Practice good tick protection! Regularly check for ticks on your pets and the humans around them and ask your veterinarian about tick control products for your pet.
  • Pick up the poop! Keep your environment free of feces. Make sure you have a clean yard and litter box at all times.
  • Cleanliness! Thoroughly wash vegetables from your garden and hands or other exposed skin that come into contact with soil frequented by pets.
  • Fresh, Clean, H20! Avoid drinking improperly treated water.

See Your Veterinarian for Testing & Safe, Effective Treatment

If you suspect that your pet is ill or may be infected take them immediately to an AAHA accredited animal hospital. While information on the internet may provide you with some ideas, only a licensed veterinarian can provide you with an accurate diagnosis.

Additional Resources:

AAHA: https://www.aaha.org/professional/resources/canine_zoonotic_disease.aspx

CDC: http://www.cdc.gov/onehealth/zoonotic-diseases.html

Contributed by:
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Eric Conroy, Personnel Manager

Providing Optimal Care for Your Senior Pet

As our pets age, they continue to hold a very special place in our hearts. Senior pets require additional care to help them carry on long and fulfilling lives. It is important to be aware of the changes in our senior pets’ health and to provide them the care they deserve. Here are some ways to help care for your senior pet:

Regular Health Check-Ups
It is recommended that all pets receive annual physical exams to ensure that your pet is in good health. As our pets age, it is even more important that they receive regular health care. As with people, dogs experience a number of health changes as they age. Preventative care is key to keeping your senior pet happy and healthy. It is recommended that your senior pet receive a health examination every 6 months. During each exam, your veterinarian can monitor health and recommend changes to help keep your senior pet comfortable.

Annual Bloodwork
At Centreville Animal Hospital, we are pleased to provide the Senior Wellness Bloodwork Panel. This panel is a wonderful aide in keeping track of your senior pet’s health. This invaluable panel measures many important body systems, including  organ values, red and white blood cells, and includes an urinalysis. All of these components can tell a lot about your pet’s health. If the levels are abnormal, it can be an indicator of cancers or diseases. If such diseases are detected early, medications or dietary changes can be made to help restore health.

Helsinki Pain QuestionnaireManaging Pain
Senior pets are susceptible to discomfort changes such as arthritis. Sometimes your senior pet may seem stiff while getting up or moving around. This is certainly uncomfortable and can easily be managed by administering pain medication at home. A simple, daily dose can greatly impact your pet’s comfort. At Centreville Animal Hospital, we perform a pain assessment during your pet’s physical examination. By determining your pet’s level of pain, your doctor can provide recommendations for keeping your pet comfortable.

 

Keeping Comfortable with Rehabilitation
With aging joints and limbs, your senior pet could greatly benefit from rehabilitation exercises. After a consultation with your veterinarian, she can customize a plan that will allow you to perform exercises during rehabilitation appointments and at home. Keeping your senior pet active is very important as it will help maintain muscle mass and more comfortable movements. Acupuncture is a method of rehabilitation that involves applying very small needles to certain points of the body. This provide relief for a wide range of conditions, including relieving discomfort. Acupuncture is a painless, natural method that has been very effective for both pets and humans.

Recognizing Nutritional Needs
Your pet’s nutritional needs are important to help sustain health. What your pet consumes can greatly impact his overall health. By referring to the Senior Wellness Bloodwork Panel results, modifying and supplementing your senior pet’s diet can greatly impact the necessary vitamins and minerals your pet may be lacking as he ages. There are several prescription diets that are designed to help treat certain diseases and others for general senior care.

By recognizing changes in your pet’s health as he ages, these preventative and treatment methods will greatly impact your senior pet’s health and comfort. As pet owners, we want nothing but the best for our furry companions, and Centreville Animal Hospital is committed to providing you with options that will offer a better quality of life.

Contributed By: Elizabeth Zuponcic, Boarding Manager
liz

Pet Safety on Valentine’s Day

Valentine’s Day… a time of love letters, boxes of chocolate, giant teddy bears, and… a sick pet?! It only takes one moment to turn a great day into a disaster, but we’d like to help you avoid that altogether with some quick and easy to remember Valentine’s Day Pet Safety Tips! While you’re celebrating with your better half and showing them how much you care, make sure to show your pets how much you care for them, too. Follow these easy tips and tricks to make sure everyone feels the love this Valentine’s Day.

Valentine HazardHeart Shaped Box Full of Trouble

             Chocolate is a year round hazard to pets, but on Valentine’s Day there always seems to be a lot more of it floating around. While sweet and delicious to us, chocolate contains stimulants called methylxanthines that, if ingested by your pets, will negatively affect their neurological, gastrointestinal, and cardiac function by causing vomiting, hyperactivity, seizures, diarrhea, and an atypically increased heart rate. Milk chocolate and white chocolate are higher in fats which can lead to life-threatening pancreas inflammation, while dark chocolate and baker’s chocolate have some of the highest levels of methylxanthines because of the high cacao percentage.

Don’t Break my Candy Heart

            If you’re planning on getting your loved one gum, candies, or other sweet treats, make sure that they stay far from the reach of your pets!  Candy is never recommended for consumption by our four-legged friends, but it is especially an issue when those sweets contain xylitol. This sugar substitute is very dangerous and potentially fatal to pets. If ingested, xylitol can cause hypoglycemia (a sudden drop in blood sugar), which can cause your pet to suffer from seizures, depression, and loss of coordination.

Flowers Aren’t a Cat’s Best Friend

            Flowers and bouquets of all sorts are everywhere during Valentine’s Day. While not all flowers are toxic to pets, Lilies in particular are toxic to cats. They can cause kidney failure, lethargy, diarrhea, or vomiting. If you are unsure of what flowers are toxic or non-toxic- reference this handy ASPCA plant guide. Another flower that should be mentioned is the Rose. The flower itself isn’t toxic, but the spiny thorns pose a big threat. If ingested, bitten, or stepped on they can cause major infections if they break the skin.

You Got Me a What?!

            Much like on Christmas, birthdays, and other gift-giving occasions, Valentine’s Day seems like the perfect day to surprise your loved one with that dog or cat they’ve always wanted. This can be an amazing experience- for the animal and your loved one, but make sure you are both prepared for what the idea of owning a pet means. Animals are a lifelong commitment that take time, patience, money, and attention. If you do decide to get a pet for someone, drop some subtle hints beforehand and make sure that they would be fully prepared and capable of taking care of a pet. An alternative to the “surprise, take care of this animal!” is to find out if your local shelter offers gift certificates; then you can go with your better half to the shelter and pick out a pet together!

Quick Tips:

  • If you’re getting cozy by the fireplace, make sure your pet is cozy away from any flames!
  • After you’re done opening gifts, make sure you properly dispose of all bows, wrapping
    paper, ribbons, balloons and tape. Fun to look at, but not fun to ingest!

Extra: Show animals how much you love them, too!

Additional Resources:

 

Contributed by:
Teresa Mundy
Boarding Assistant & Social Media Coordinator

Tips for Maintaining Your Pet’s Weight

Maintaining your pet’s weight is very important so that they can live a longer, healthy, and happy life. Without proper weight management your furry friends run the risk of possibly developing diabetes, arthritis, heart disease, lung disorders, high blood pressure, immune dysfunction, and cancerous tumors.  Here we’ve listed a few tips to help keep your pets happy and healthy by maintaining their weight!

RECS
Refrain:
Much like some of us, our pets will eat when they’re bored. Refraining from giving them 24/7 access to their food is always a good start. Keeping that in mind, it’s also a good idea to talk with your veterinarian so you know just how much to feed and what type of food would be best for your pet. It is also highly recommended to not feed them any table scraps. We all know it can be difficult to tell them no when they give you that look, but stay strong!

Exercise:
Exercise is very important for any pet. At least 30 minutes a day of active play will reduce the risk of weight gain and help them lose weight. Not only does exercise help maintain your pets weight it also has great health benefits that include, reducing the risk of heart disease, digestive issues, and the chances of urinary tract infections. If your furry friend is more active they also have less of a chance of developing depression, which means a longer, happier life span.

A Pitbull dog mid-air, running after its chew toy with its owner standing close by.

Counting Calories:
It might be a strange thing to consider, but keeping track of your pet’s calorie intake is actually a very huge help! Unfortunately, a lot of people forget to include treats in their counting. A lot of treats are high in calories so it is very important to factor those in and adjust your pet’s food intake accordingly so that they receive the correct amount of calories.

Schedule:
Having a set schedule for when your pet eats and exercises will not only be helpful for you, but will also benefit your pet greatly.  Make sure you feed your pet at the same time, in the same place every day to help establish healthy eating habits.

Additional Resources:

AAHA Weight Management Guidelines for Cats and Dogs– https://www.aaha.org/public_documents/professional/guidelines/weight_management_guidelines.pdf

ASPCA Dog Nutrition Tips– https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/dog-care/dog-nutrition-tips

ASCPA Cat Nutrition Tips– https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/cat-care/cat-nutrition-tips

AVMA 7 Things to do to Keep your Pet Healthy– https://www.avma.org/public/PetCare/Pages/pet-health.aspx

 

Screen Shot 2015-12-02 at 9.09.42 PMContributed by:
Samantha Sims, 
Client Care Specialist

The Dangers of Xylitol Ingestion in Dogs

Some pet owners rely on the presumption that what is safe for humans to ingest is also safe for their pets, however that’s just not always true. Xylitol, a substance found in many everyday products is safe for human consumption, but it can be harmful and potentially life-threatening to dogs.

Xylitol is Toxic to Dogs

Xylitol is a sugar alcohol sweetener commonly used in sugar-free gum and candies, toothpaste, chewable vitamins, baked goods and even peanut butter. The compound doesn’t affect glucose levels in people, but when ingested by dogs it can cause a dangerous surge in insulin. In as little as 15 minutes it can cause a life-threatening drop in blood sugar (insulin shock/hypoglycemia), seizures, and severe liver damage. Signs of xylitol poisoning include weakness, lethargy, loss of coordination, collapse, and seizures. These symptoms can develop within 30 minutes of ingestion, and require immediate veterinary treatment. Just three grams of xylitol, or 6 pieces of xylitol containing gum, can kill a 65-pound dog.

Common Products Containing Xylitol
Here are a few of the more popular brands that contain xylitol…

  • Orbitzylitol
  • Trident
  • Nuts ’N More
  • Krush Nutrition
  • Xylimax
  • Xylishield
  • Spry Mints
  • Spry Chewing Gum
  • Xlear Nasal Spray
  • Nicorette Gum
  • Xylichew Gum
  • IceBreakers
  • Ricochet 

Treatment for Xylitol Poisoning

If you suspect your dog has ingested a product containing Xylitol, call your veterinarian immediately; The amount of Xylitol ingestion is often difficult to determine because the level of sweetener varies greatly by manufacturer and product. Treatment typically consists of induced vomiting, 24-hour hospitalization, and administration of IV fluids containing glucose to stabilize blood sugar levels. Liver levels are also monitored and tested every few hours until they have normalized.

Prevention is Key

The number of products containing Xylitol has been growing steadily over the years and so has the number of reported cases of animal poisonings. You may be watching your diet by eating Xylitol sweetened products, but you should also be watching your dog to ensure that they don’t ingest any Xylitol containing products. Make sure to check your food’s labels and keep Xylitol containing products where dogs can’t access them.

Additional Resources

ASPCA Animal Poison Control: https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/animal-poison-control

National Center for Biotechnology Information: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

zach_buchanan

 

Contributed by: Zach Buchanan, Veterinary Assistant (pictured with his pug Katie)

 

Caring For Our Senior Pets

Beautiful portrait of an old Dog on the beach

We are constantly reminded that one year of our pet’s life is equivalent to roughly seven human years, six for larger breeds. As your pet ages they need even more care and attention which is why it’s up to us to modify their veterinary care to keep them happy and healthy in their golden years.

Step-up Vet Visits to Twice a Year

A great way to contribute to your senior pet’s good health is by scheduling regular preventative exams. The American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) recommends senior pets see their vet every 6 months for a checkup. By visiting your veterinarian twice a year, they are able to identify signs of geriatric diseases earlier, including:

  • Cancer
  • Arthritis
  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • Liver disease
  • Kidney disease

Screenings Uncover Hidden Diseases Early

Along with their increasing age come many diseases that commonly affect older pets so regular health screenings are key to catching them in the earlier stages. Proper veterinary care can then help alleviate symptoms and slow progression. Health screenings can also help identify diseases that often go undetected in the earliest stages, such as heart, kidney and liver disease.

Health screenings for a senior pet should occur twice a year and include:

  • Chemistry (kidney, liver, and pancreas markers and electrolyte values)
  • Complete blood cell count (red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets)
  • Thyroid hormone levels
  • Urinalysis
  • Pro-BNP (indicator of heart disease-NEW TEST!)

Identifying these diseases and starting treatment sooner will extend our pet’s lifespan, often times by many months to years.

Black mixed breed dog. Mix of flatcoated and labrador retriever. Studio shot. Isolated on grey background.

Maintain Mobility and Exercise

Your pet may be slowing down with age, but it doesn’t mean they can’t still go on daily walks with you. Mobility and exercise are critical to keeping your senior pet healthy. One of the most common ailments for our senior pets is arthritis, causing discomfort leading to a decreased quality of life and enjoyment of every day activities. There are several treatments for arthritis including:

  • Joint supplements (glucosamine, chondroitin, omega-3 fatty acids)
  • Anti-inflammatories
  • Prescription pain control
  • Physical therapy
  • Acupuncture

Your veterinarian can help implement a treatment plan to control your pet’s discomfort and improve their quality of life that suits your family and lifestyle.

Enjoy Each Day

Aging is a privilege denied to many so monitor your senior pet’s health carefully, and schedule regular check-ups with your vet. Snuggle up, go for a leisurely walk and appreciate the time you have together.

More Information:

AVMA: https://www.avma.org/Caring-for-an-Older-Pet-FAQs.aspx

American Association of Feline Practitioners: http://aafp.com/senior-care-guidelines.aspx

American Animal Hospital Association: https://www.aaha.org/resources/senior_care.aspx

Destiny Coleman PhotoContributed by Destiny Coleman, V.M.D.

Detecting Cancer In Our Pets

DogMany pet owners may not realize that cancer is not just a human disease; it affects our pets as well. In fact, cancer is the leading cause of death in cats and dogs over the age of 10. Since half of all cancers are curable if caught early, it’s important to closely monitor your pet’s health in order to detect early warning signs.

At Home Screening

Diagnosing pet cancer requires a thorough exam by your veterinarian and medical testing, however, at home screening is an excellent regular tool to monitor your pet for a new or changing mass (growth or lump). Here are some steps you can take to screen your pet at home:

  • Look at your pet often in a well-lit area and pet all over, feeling under their hair coat.
  • Do not to forget to check in the mouth, in the ears, between the toes and under the paws.
  • If you find something new take note of the size of the mass you have identified and keep track of when it was first seen.
  • Accurate measurements using a ruler are ideal but simply comparing the size to a coin or other object of know size can be helpful as well.
  • Take pictures of the mass with an object such as a ruler or a coin within the photo to give reference to size.

Medical Testing Methods

Your veterinarian has several testing methods options that will give your pet the best chance of early detection and early intervention. Knowing the process can greatly help in providing for the health and comfort of your pet.

  1. Fine needle aspirate – If a mass is detected, a test using a fine needle aspirate will help yield the most information. Commonly referred to as a FNA, the fine needle aspirate involves using a needle and syringe to extract cells from the abnormal area in question. These cells are then analyzed under the microscope to define their type and if they are showing benign or cancerous characteristics.  If a mass is defined as benign but, then changes suddenly in size or color, a repeat FNA is a very valuable tool to see if there has been a change that now indicates that the mass should be removed.
  2. Blood work monitoring – For changes that cannot be seen externally your veterinarian will start with basic blood work monitoring.  The slightest change in blood work trends can key your veterinarian in on the need for additional diagnostic work.  If there are blood work abnormalities the most common next step is to take radiographs of the suspected area that may be contributing to the change.
  3. Radiographs – A digital x-ray is an excellent non-invasive screening tool but does have some limitations.
  4. Ultrasounds – If things are found that are suspicious on radiographs then the use of an ultrasound, to further look at the area in question, can be very helpful.  Use of an ultrasound allows your veterinarian to make detailed measurements, as well as direct a fine needle aspirate using the ultrasound to monitor and guide the acquisition of the sample.

Early Detection is Essential

Remember, early detection is key so if you think your pet may be beginning to exhibit signs or symptoms of cancer, you should visit your veterinarian immediately. And don’t overlook the importance of a healthy lifestyle, lots of petting all over and often and regular check-ups by your veterinarian to help keep your pet happy and healthy for a long time!

Learn More:

ASPCA: https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/dog-care/cancer

National Canine Cancer Foundation: http://www.wearethecure.org/more_cancer_facts.htm

AVMA Taking on Cancer: https://www.avma.org/News/JAVMANews/Pages/140115a.aspx

TT

Contributed by Travis Taylor DVM, EMBA, CEO Centreville Animal Hospital

Arthritis Isn’t Just for People; Our Pets Suffer, Too

shutterstock_158412560

Arthritis is something most of us are aware of in people, but know little about in our pets. One major difference between how it affects humans and pets is that animal patients can’t tell us which body part hurts, or how badly it hurts. Arthritis (Osteoarthritis or Degenerative Joint Disease) is caused by the breakdown or deterioration of the cartilage in joints that protects and covers the joints as they move. As the cartilage deteriorates it causes the bones in the joints to rub and grind against each other, causing pain and inflammation.

Although arthritis in pets is most common in larger breeds of dogs (ranging from Great Danes and Mastiffs to Labrador and Golden Retrievers) it can also affect smaller dogs (even the tiniest such as Yorkshire Terriers and Chihuahuas) and even cats.

shutterstock_137296592

Signs of arthritis can range from something as subtle as a decrease in energy level (we often say a pet is “slowing down”), to holding up a limb and not walking on it at all. Here are some other signs:

  • stiffness when getting up from a lying-down position
  • refusal or hesitation to jump or run, or to lay or sit in a certain position
  • changes in behavior, such as sudden signs of aggression, which can be a response to fear of pain
  • trouble walking or getting around on slick surfaces
  • lack of activity
  • change in bathroom habits (dogs may be reluctant to go outside and cats may be reluctant to use the litter box)

Both dogs and cats (cats especially) are notorious for hiding signs of disease or sickness until it has substantially progressed. By the time your pet is showing significant signs of joint problems, the condition generally is in an advanced stage. The best was to keep your pet from feeling the pain of arthritis is to recognize the early warning signs and prevent the disease from going further. Managing your pet’s weight and providing adequate exercise also can reduce joint strain.

Let your veterinarian know if you see your dog having trouble getting up after laying down, or have noticed she is reluctant to go on a walk or play for more than a few minutes. Similarly, if you notice that your cat isn’t jumping on furniture as much as normal, or he isn’t using his litter box, he may be suffering from arthritis. You’ll have to do a little detective work and communicate closely with your veterinarian to distinguish whether these are symptoms of behavioral issues or a sign of a health problem. For instance, a cat that fails to use his litter box may be having a behavioral issue or may be avoiding pain caused by arthritis, since squatting or climbing in and out of a litter box can be painful.

There are simple ways to help your pet feel more comfortable and protect her joints:

  • Glucosamine and Chondroitin—These can prevent further damage by helping to cushion joints and make movements less painful. NOTE: Ask about our current discount on Dasuquin, which combines avocado and soybean with Glucosamine and Chondroitin.
  • Omega 3s (found in fish oil)—Helps with inflammation and is also good for the skin and heart.
  • NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)—These help with pain and inflammation in dogs.

IMPORTANT NOTES: Cats do not fare well with the use of NSAIDs since they are unable to process these drugs without internal damage. Over-the-counter (OTC) human medications such as Aspirin, Advil, and especially Tylenol, are very toxic to pets and can cause ulcers, bleeding, anemia, and even death. Always consult with a veterinarian before giving your pet any type of medication. If you administer OTC medication, there is a 7- to 14-day waiting period before we can give your pet other pain medications.

  • Other Pain Medications—There are other options for both dogs and cats that work differently and have fewer side effects than NSAIDs, but they are generally not quite as effective.
  • Joint injections—Administered during an office visit, these provide anti-inflammatory relief from arthritic joint pain.
  • Physical Therapy—We offer various treatment options, depending on the nature of and severity of the condition.

If you suspect that your pet is in pain, please contact us immediately so we can diagnose the problem and start treatment. We have many ways to help prevent and treat arthritis, as well as the many other conditions affecting your pet’s health and quality of life.

SOURCES:

ASPCA:
http://www.aspca.org/pet-care/dog-care/arthritis
http://www.aspca.org/pet-care/cat-care/arthritis

VeterinaryPartner.com:
http://www.veterinarypartner.com/Content.plx?A=587
http://www.veterinarypartner.com/Content.plx?P=A&A=2863&S=4&SourceID=62

Family photo 10-2011 (1)

 

Contributed by Michelle LeBlanc, Veterinary Assistant

Pictured here with her husband, Jon, and pets (left to right) Quincy, Simba, and Ducky (in back), and dog Gracie

Great Pet Care Takes Training, Experience, Compassion

VetCatVetDogKidsAt Centreville Animal Hospital, our mission is to provide exceptional lifetime veterinary care. One way we deliver on this promise is by ensuring that every staff member has the training he or she needs to support you and your pet. Not only does our commitment to education enable us to provide excellent pet care, but it also fosters a nurturing environment that supports each team member in reaching his or her full potential in a field they are passionate about. We love animals, we love to care for them, and we love to learn.

Read below to learn more about the rigorous education and training requirements for each of the positions that support a typical veterinary practice. In the coming months we will be highlighting the training and personal experiences of the CAH team by profiling individual staff members. Stay tuned to read about their real-life stories.

Veterinarian

Vet pointing at X-rayMuch like a “people doctor,” the average veterinarian completes 4-1/2 years of undergraduate education just to prepare for veterinary school. And some veterinarians already have a Master’s degree or PhD before entering veterinary school. Others may enter a dual Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM)/MS or DVM/PhD program, and some go on after veterinary school to get additional degrees and/or specialty training. Once they graduate from a U.S. veterinary school, they receive a DVM or Veterinary Medical Doctor (VMD) degree. A number of veterinarians also seek additional training in the form of an internship (usually one year) and/or residency (approximately 2-3 years) and may become board certified in a specialty area.

In order to practice veterinary medicine on animal patients, a person must be licensed in the state in which he or she practices. State licensure requires a veterinarian to pass a national examination, and some states also require a veterinarian to pass a state-specific examination, most often to test their knowledge of the state’s laws and regulations governing veterinary medicine. In order to maintain their state veterinary license, veterinarians must obtain continuing education. Continuing education credits may be earned by attending regional or national veterinary conferences or seminars held by local veterinary associations and groups.

» CAH doctors exceed by at least 25% the continuing education requirement mandated by the Commonwealth of Virginia.

Licensed Veterinary Technician (LVT)

sick-patient-medical-careLicensed Veterinary Technicians have earned an Associates degree and successfully completed a state certification exam. CAH currently has three LVTs on staff—Becky Lewellen, Elise Welker (pictured at left), and Elisa Miller. An LVT has a wide array of responsibilities: nursing care, anesthetic induction, monitoring and recovery, phlebotomy, catheter placement, dental cleaning, radiographs, sonography, cytology, triage, and emergency work.

Our LVTs are very knowledgeable and skilled and provide critical support to our doctors. Carrying out nursing and technical responsibilities requested by the veterinarians allows for expedited medical care and allows another pair of knowledgeable eyes and hands to monitor the patient. 

» Our LVTs exceed the state requirement for continuing education.

Veterinary Assistant

We have a highly motivated group of veterinary assistants, the majority of whom are enrolled in school to either complete a four-year degree or to earn an Associate’s degree to eventually become an LVT.

Our veterinary assistants work closely with our doctors and LVTs. Their range of responsibilities includes wellness care, appointment needs, pharmacy needs, lab work, radiography, and assisting in preparing patients for surgery.

 Other Training Opportunities

Training and education for all staff members is abundant. We have access to webinars on many topics, including preventative care, radiation safety, diseases, and many other topics. It is not unusual for CAH to have a guest speaker at monthly staff meetings to offer an onsite educational opportunity. For example, we recently had a behavior specialist provide information about dog behavior in group play.

Finally, to encourage and support the next generation of veterinarians, we offer internship opportunities for those interested in the field to work at the facility gain hands-on experience in caring for animals. Our current intern is an honor student, athlete, and equestrian attending high school in Clifton.

Any time you visit CAH—whether for routine health care or for an illness—you can be confident knowing that those who take care of your animals are not only passionate and compassionate in the work we do, but well trained and committed to ongoing continuing education and training.

margaret Contributed by Margaret Bolen

Pictured here with her dog Annie

LVT Student

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